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piątek, 11 lutego 2011

Nobles and Nation in Central Europe

Nobles and Nation in Central Europe
Free Imperial Knights in the Age of Revolution, 1750–1850
Series: New Studies in European History
William D. Godsey, Jr
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien:
Anton, archduke of Austria and grand master of the Teutonic Order (1779–1835) 159, 160
Bacquehem, Olivier marquis de (1847–1917) 151
Balbin, Bohuslav (1621–89) 54
Bassenheim, Count Johann Rudolf Waldbott von (1731–1805) 18–19
Bentinck, Baroness Maria Theresia (1743–1800) 94
Bentzel, Count Johann (1755–1829) 156
Bettendorf, Baron Christoph (1709–61) 37
Beyme, Count Karl Friedrich (1765–1838) 242
Bibra-Schwebheim, Baroness Aloysia, née Countess Petazzi (†1832) 157
Bibra-Schwebheim, Baron Ferdinand Johann Wenzel (1756–1807) 86
Bibra-Schwebheim, Baron Franz Carl (1750–1821) 157
Bodman-Bodman, Baron Johann Franz (1775–1833) 152
Bombelles, Count Henri (1789–1850) 151
Bombelles, Countess Marie (1819–85) 210 , 211
Boos-Waldeck, Count Clemens (1773–1842) 67, 68, 97, 98, 99, 248
Boos-Waldeck, Count Franz (1802–87) 162
Breidbach-Bürresheim, Baron Carl Ernst (1701–71) 87 , 109
Breidbach-Bürresheim, Baron Ferdinand Damian (1670–1747) 110
Breidbach-Bürresheim, Baron Franz Ludwig (1718–96) 35 , 109, 110, 111
Breidbach-Riedt, Baroness Amalia, née Baroness Gagern (1798–1880) 115
Breidbach-Riedt, Baroness Anna (1789–1871) 115
Breidbach-Riedt, Baron Anton (1791–1878) 113, 114–15, 116
Breidbach-Riedt, Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Carl (1755–1805) 26, 31, 110–13, 114
Breidbach-Riedt, Baron Hugo (1783–1809) 115
Breidbach-Riedt, Baron Philipp (1793–1845) 114, 115, 116
Carl Heinrich, elector of Mainz, né Baron Metternich (1622–79) 216
Carl Philipp, prince-bishop of Würzburg, né Baron Greiffenclau (1690–1754) 33, 126
Coudenhove, Countess Alexandrine, née Baroness Vittinghoff (1817–90) 207–8
Coudenhove, Countess Augusta, née von Löwenstern (1785–1860) 201
Coudenhove, Count Carl (1774–1838) 184 , 189, 194, 195–7, 198, 199–200, 201–3, 204, 205, 208, 209–10, 211, 248
Coudenhove, Countess Charlotte, née Baroness Wambolt (1775–1819) 200
Coudenhove, Count Edmund (1777–1853) 194, 199, 200, 204, 205
Coudenhove, Count Edmund (1811–86) 206
Coudenhove, Baron Ferdinand Joseph (b. 1736) 191
Coudenhove, Count Franz (1783–1851) 193–4, 198–9, 200–1, 202, 204, 205, 206
Coudenhove, Count Friedrich (1778–1821) 193 , 194, 199, 202, 204
Coudenhove, Baron Guillaume Maria (1709–70) 191
Coudenhove, Count Heinrich (1810–81) 207
Coudenhove, Countess Leopoldine, née Baroness Honrichs (1826–94) 207–8
Coudenhove, Baron Ludwig (1735–86) 192 , 198
Coudenhove, Baron Philippe François (†1726) 191
Coudenhove, Baroness (1790 Countess) Sophie, née Countess Hatzfeldt-Wildenburg (1747–1825) 192–3, 194, 195–7, 199, 204, 206, 221
Coudenhove, Countess Sophie (1808–64) 206
Coudenhove, Count Theophil (1803–80) 204
Crenneville-Poutet, Count Franz Folliot de (1815–88) 151
Czernin, Count Rudolph (1757–1845) 167 , 173, 206
Dalberg-Dalberg, Baron Adolph Franz (1730–94) 24
Dalberg-Dalberg, Baron Franz Carl (1746–85) 24
Dalberg-Dalberg, Baron Gottlob Amand (1739–94) 24 , 31, 79, 129, 130
Dalberg-Herrnsheim, Baron Carl Joseph (1717–79) 25
Dalberg-Herrnsheim, Baron Emmerich (1810 duc de Dalberg) (1773–1833) 74, 75, 76, 79, 101–2, 103–5, 181, 183, 196
Dalberg-Herrnsheim, Baron Friedrich (1760–1812) 79
Dalberg-Herrnsheim, Baron Heribert (1750–1806) 26, 79, 102, 103, 181
Dalberg-Herrnsheim, Baron Johann Friedrich Hugo (1760–1812) 92
Dalberg-Herrnsheim, Baroness Pellegrina (later duchesse de Dalberg), née de Brignole-Sale (1787–1865) 104
Dalberg-Heßloch, Baron Friedrich (1810 Count Ostein) (1787–1814) 181 , 182, 183
Dalberg(-Heßloch), Baron Friedrich (1822–1908) 207
Dalberg-Heßloch, Baron Friedrich Anton Christoph (1709–75) 201
Dalberg-Heßloch, Baron Friedrich Franz Carl (1756–1811) 180–1, 182
Degenfeld-Schonburg, Count Maximilian (1766–1816) 146
Dienheim, Baron Philipp Adam (1658–1729) 27
Ebersberg, Baron Georg Friedrich (b. 1734) 129
Eichhorn, Carl Friedrich von (1781–1854) 64, 66
Eltz, Countess Antoinetta Regina Sofia Francisca (1700–71) 94
Eltz, Count August (1783–1858) 165
Eltz, Count Emmerich (1765–1844) 157 , 162, 163
Eltz, Countess Henriette, née Countess Colloredo-Mannsfeld (1773–1814) 158 , 162
Eltz, Count Hugo (1742–1818) 100
Eltz, Count Hugo Franz (1701–79) 34
Eltz, Count Hugo Philipp (1742–1818) 39
Eltz, Countess Marie, née Countess Somogyi (1796–1864) 162
Eltz-Rübenach, Baron Emmerich Joseph (†1834) 98
Eltz-Üttingen, Baron Johann Anton (1668–1736) 85
Emmerich Joseph, elector of Mainz, né Baron Breidbach-Bürresheim (1707–74) 31 , 33, 35, 87, 109–10, 117, 195
Erthal, Baron Lothar Franz Michael (1717–1805) 109
Eugénie, empress of the French, née de Montijo de Guzmán (1826–1920) 104
Falkenhayn, Count Eugen (1792–1853) 207
Fechenbach, Baron Christoph Hartmann (1709–79) 38
Fechenbach, Baron Friedrich (1790–1850) 100
Fechenbach, Baron Joseph Franz (1761–1830) 43, 100
Ferdinand I, emperor of Austria (1793–1875) 159
Fesch, Joseph cardinal (1763–1839) 145
Ficquelmont, Count Carl Ludwig (1777–1857) 151
Forster, Johann Georg (1754–94) 195
Forstmeister, Baroness Maria Magdalena Sophia (d. ca. 1782) 25
Franckenstein, Baron Ludwig Anselm (b. 1770) 152
Franckenstein-Ockstadt, Baron Franz Philipp (1722–74) 34
Franckenstein-Ockstadt, Baron Friedrich Carl (b. 1745) 19, 26, 45
Gagern, Baron Hans Christoph (1766–1852) 68
Gentz, Friedrich (1764–1832) 233
Georg Friedrich, elector of Mainz, né von Greiffenclau (1573–1629) 126
George V, king of Hannover (1819–78) 150
Gneisenau, Count August Wilhelm Anton Neidhardt von (1760–1831) 242
Goëß, Count Peter (1774–1846) 207
Greiffenclau, Baroness Adèle (1810–53) 116
Greiffenclau, Baron Adolf Wilhelm Franz (1727–63) 126 , 127
Greiffenclau, Baron Johann Erwein (1663–1727) 126
Greiffenclau, Baroness Johanna, née Baroness Dehrn (1736–94) 126
Greiffenclau, Baron Lothar Gottfried (1694–1771) 126–7
Greiffenclau, Baron Philipp Anton (1735–1823) 134
Greiffenclau, Baron Philipp Carl (1778–1825) 158
Greiffenclau-Dehrn, Baron Carl Theodor (1791–1812) 133–4
Greiffenclau-Dehrn, Baron Friedrich Carl (1754–92) 57 , 127–8, 129–32, 133, 134, 138, 140, 246
Greiffenclau-Dehrn, Baroness Magdalena, née Horix (†1798) 128, 130, 132–3, 139, 140
Grolmann, Karl Ludwig Wilhelm von (1775–1829) 243
Groschlag, Baron Carl (1692–1757) 91
Groschlag, Baron Friedrich Carl (1729–99) 10 , 40, 92, 142
Gudenus, Baron Ferdinand (1755–1825) 162–3
Guttenberg, Baron Ludwig (1774–1825) 152
Guttenberg-Sternberg, Baron Carl (1745–1811) 25, 27
Habermann, Joseph Corneli von (1723–88) 41
Habermann, Peter Joseph von (b. 1754) 129
Hacke, Baron Carl (1775–1834) 141
Hacke, Baroness Cunigunde, née Baroness Kerpen (1776–1847) 160
Hacke, Baron Edmund (1727–84) 87
Haller, Carl Ludwig von (1768–1854) 61, 64, 66
Harff, Baron Franz Ludwig (1747–1814) 98, 99
Harstall, Sophia von (b. 1704) 25
Hatzfeldt-Gleichen, Count Carl Friedrich (1718–93) 157
Hatzfeldt-Gleichen, Countess Charlotte, née Countess Ostein (1733–1821) 157
Hatzfeldt-Wildenburg, Count Carl Eugen (1719–85) 84
Hatzfeldt-Wildenburg, Count (1803 Prince) Franz Ludwig (1756–1827) 199, 209–10
Heddesdorff, Baron Clemens (1769–1812) 138
Heddesdorff, Baron Franz Carl (1767–1825) 138 , 139
Heddesdorff, Baron Johann Lothar (d. after 1767) 136
Heddesdorff, Baron Joseph (†1792) 37, 129, 135, 136–7, 138
Heine, Heinrich (1797–1856) 62
Hettersdorf, Baron Franz Heinrich (1758–1835) 38
Hofbauer, Clemens Maria (1751–1820) 189, 208–9
Hoheneck, Baron Philipp Carl (†1808) 142
Holtz, Baron Eberhard Gottfried (†1793) 26
Holtz, Baron Eberhard Maximilian (1692–1762) 24
Holtz, Baron Gottfried (1716–77) 25
Homann, Johann Baptist (1663–1724) 77
Horix, (later Baron) Johann (1730–92) 130–31, 132
Horneck, family 184
Hornstein, family 44, 167
Hornstein-Bußmannshausen, Baron August (1789–1855) 167
Hornstein-Goeffingen, Baron Adam (1768–1806) 85
Hornstein-Goeffingen, Baron Friedrich (1766–1827) 159, 160
Hornstein-Goeffingen, Baron Maximilian (1754–1819) 90
Humbert, Jean-Joseph-Amable (1767–1823) 132
Hutten, Baron Franz Christoph (1731–90) 34
Ingelheim, Count Franz Carl Philipp (1740–1803) 26, 100
Ingelheim, Count Friedrich (b. 1807) 166
Ingelheim, Count Joseph (1777–1847) 99, 112–13, 115
Johann Anton, prince-bishop of Eichstätt, né Baron Knebel (1646–1725) 35
Johann Friedrich Carl, elector of Mainz, né Count Ostein (1689–1763) 8 , 35
Johann Philipp, prince-bishop of Würzburg, né Baron Greiffenclau (1652–1719) 33, 126
Kageneck, Baron Heinrich (1668–1774) 43
Kerpen, Baron Wilhelm (1741–1823) 141, 142, 159
Kerssenbrock, family 151
Kesselstatt, family 33, 35, 40, 68, 84, 89, 98, 100, 107, 108, 117–25, 127, 135, 139, 140, 154, 158, 160, 161;
see Stadion-Thannhausen
Kesselstatt, Baroness Anna Clara, née Baroness Metternich-Bourscheidt (1662–1719) 117
Kesselstatt, Count Carl (1756–1829) 97, 120, 121, 122, 125
Kesselstatt, Count Christoph (1757–1814) 122
Kesselstatt, Count Clemens (1768–1832) 120–1, 122, 123
Kesselstatt, Count Clemens (1792–1828) 123, 161
Kesselstatt, Count Edmund (1765–1840) 64, 106, 119, 120–1, 122, 123–5, 190, 202, 248
Kesselstatt, Count Franz (1753–1841) 120, 121, 122
Kesselstatt, Count Franz (1787–1834) 125
Kesselstatt, Countess Franziska, née Countess Fünfkirchen (1801–70) 123 , 161
Kesselstatt, Count Friedrich (1784–1820) 165
Kesselstatt, Baron (1776 Count) Hugo (1727–96) 84 , 93, 117–19, 120, 122, 125
Kesselstatt, Countess Maria Anna (1763–1825) 94
Kesselstatt, Count Philipp (1754–1828) 122
Kesselstatt, Countess Sophie (1790–1857) 123
Kesselstatt, Countess Theresia, née Countess Stadion-Thannhausen (1763–1805) 122
Kielmansegg, family 150
Kinsky, family 160, 208
Kinsky, Prince Ferdinand (1781–1812) 159 , 160
Kinsky, Princess Marie Charlotte, née Baroness Kerpen (1782–1841) 159–60, 161, 209
Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb (1724–1803) 223
Klüber, Johann Ludwig (1762–1837) 56, 59, 62
Knebel, family 35, 39, 117, 118
Knebel, Baron Johann Anton, see Johann Anton prince-bishop of Eichstätt
Knebel, Baron Philipp Franz (1733–1816) 35
Koblenz, bailiwick of the Teutonic Order at 155;
seat of Canton Lower Rhine at 7
Kocher, knightly canton in Swabia 7, 21, 24, 29, 42, 44
Köhler, Johann David (1676–1725) 54
Kolowrat, family 183
Kolowrat-Liebsteinský, Count Franz (1778–1861) 231
Konstanz, collegiate foundation for women 1
Kopp, Johann Adam (1698–1748) 55
Kotzebue, August von (1761–1819) 241, 248
Kraichgau, knightly canton in Swabia 7, 36
Küenburg, family 207
La Curne de Sainte-Pelaye, Jean Baptiste de 56, 59
La Flèche, military academy 100
Lanckoroński, family 173
Lanckorońska, Countess Adelheid, née Countess Stadion-Warthausen (1804–85) 173
Langenschwarz, Ludwig Anton von (†1770) 25
Languedoc, Estates of 83
Langwerth, family 216
La Roche, Sophie, née Gutermann von Gutershofen (1731–1807) 223
Latour, Count Theodor Baillet de (1780–1848) 151
Latour, Count Vinzenz Baillet de (1848–1913) 151
Leiningen, house of 7;
see Metternich-Winneburg-Beilstein
Leipzig, battle of (1813) 203
Leslie, family 149
Leszczyński, Stanislaus, see Stanislaus king of Poland
Leyen, von der, see Tascher de la Pagerie
Leyen, von der, family 33, 40, 42, 99, 104
Leyen, Countess Maria Anna von der, née Baroness Dalberg-Herrnsheim (1745–1804) 79
Leyen, Count (1806 Prince) Philipp von der (1766–1829) 37, 74, 86, 104
Liechtenstein, house of 154
Liechtenstein, Prince Louis (1780–1833) 161
Liège, cathedral chapter at 1, 77, 80, 86, 94, 109, 191;
Estates of 191
Limbourg, collegiate foundation of St. Georg at 87
Lincker, Baron Johann Franz (b. 1753) 162
Lobkowitz, house of 154
Löwenstein-Wertheim, house of 7, 90, 210
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort, house of 83
Löwenstern, see Coudenhove
Looz-Corswarem, house of 225
Lorraine, bailiwick of the Teutonic Order 87
Lothar Franz, elector of Mainz, né Baron Schönborn (1655–1729) 100, 117, 153
Louis XIV, king of France (1638–1715) 80, 82
Louis XV, king of France (1710–74) 98 , 157
Louis XVI, king of France (1754–93) 86 , 87, 92
Louis Philippe, king of the French (1773–1850) 177
Lower Alsace, see Alsace
Lower Rhenish-Westphalian College of Imperial Counts (Niederrheinisch-Westfälisches Reichsgrafenkollegium) 3, 4, 155, 158, 217
Lower Rhine (Niederrhein), knightly canton 7, 8, 9, 23, 24, 27, 28, 32–3, 35, 36, 64, 79, 84, 89, 96, 101, 110, 118, 135, 136, 137, 138, 142, 159, 217, 226, 255, 256
Ludwig, archduke of Austria (1784–1864) 206
Lützow, family 158
Lunéville, Treaty of (1801) 60, 95, 145, 175, 176
Luxembourg, Estates of 84, 89
Mader, Johann 22–3
Maier, Johann Christian 63, 65
Mainz, cathedral chapter at 9, 94, 99, 108, 109, 110, 115, 121, 126, 135, 139, 146, 148, 156, 161, 228, 256;
collegiate foundation (St. Alban) for men at 1, 194;
seat of Canton Upper Rhine at 7
Malta, Order of (Order of St. John of Jerusalem) 70, 83, 141, 172, 194, 205, 238–9
Maria Elisabeth, archduchess of Austria (1743–1808) 159
Maria Theresia, Holy Roman empress, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (1717–80) 23 , 70, 89, 119, 149, 158, 175
Maximilian, archduke of Austria and grand master of the Teutonic Order (1782–1863) 209
Maximilian Franz, archduke of Austria, elector of Cologne, and grand master of the Teutonic Order (1756–1801) 38
Medici, family 49
Meiners, Christoph (1747–1810) 58–9, 222, 224–5
Mensdorff-Pouilly, Count Alexander (1813–71) 151
Merseburg, cathedral chapter at 218, 220
Metternich, Baron Carl Heinrich, see Carl Heinrich elector of Mainz
Metternich-Bourscheidt, family, see Kesselstatt
Metternich-Müllenarck, family 23
Metternich-Winneburg(-Beilstein) (-Ochsenhausen), house of 27, 33, 37, 40, 46, 74, 84, 118, 148, 153, 160, 161, 170, 184, 189, 211, 215–17, 220
Metternich-Winneburg, Princess Antoinette (1827 Countess Beilstein), née Baroness Leykam (1806–29) 161 , 246
Metternich-Winneburg, Princess Beatrix, née Countess Kageneck (1755–1828) 209
Metternich-Winneburg(-Beilstein) (-Ochsenhausen), Count (1813 Prince) Clemens 15, 72, 142, 143, 151, 158, 160–1, 162, 166, 167, 169, 171, 177, 197, 207, 212, 213–14, 216, 220, 226, 228, 231, 233, 236, 241–2, 245, 246, 247;
and Austrian policy toward émigrés 147–8;
background of 216–20, 247;
and Clemens Maria Hofbauer 209;
and concept of nobility 131, 216, 223, 230–4, 235, 240;
and (cultural) nationalism 13, 234, 242, 243–5, 252–3;
and Baron Carl Stein 214
Metternich-Winneburg, Princess Eleonore, née Countess Kaunitz-Rietberg (1775–1825) 158 , 246
Metternich-Winneburg(-Beilstein) (-Ochsenhausen), Count (1803 Prince) Franz Georg (1746–1818) 141, 147, 217, 219, 230
Metternich-Winneburg-Beilstein, Count Franz Ludwig (1719–78) 218
Metternich-Winneburg-Beilstein, Count Hugo (1710–50) 39
Metternich-Winneburg(-Beilstein) (-Ochsenhausen), Count Joseph (1774–1830) 161 , 218
Metternich-Winneburg-Beilstein, Countess Julian Eleonora, née Countess Leiningen-Westerburg (1667–1721) 158
Metternich-Winneburg, Princess Melanie, née Countess Zichy-Ferraris (1805–54) 162
Metternich-Winneburg-Beilstein, Count Philipp Adolph (1686–1738) 23, 27, 28
Metternich-Winneburg, Prince Victor (1803–29) 246
Metz, collegiate foundations for women at 90
Middle Rhine (Mittelrhein), knightly canton 7, 18–19, 23, 26, 33, 39, 47, 94, 96, 112, 113, 126, 127, 128, 131, 133, 136, 146, 154, 192, 217, 226, 255
Migazzi, family 154
Mirbach-Harff, family 121
Möser, Justus (1720–94) 59 , 66
Mohr, family 84, 89–90
Mohr, Baron Franz Theodor (1714–80) 84
Mohr, Baron Lothar Ferdinand (1661–1738) 89
Mons, collegiate foundation for women in Hainault at 88, 89, 155
Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, baron de la Brède et de (1689–1755) 66
Montfort, family 27, 155, 156
Montgelas, Count Maximilian (1759–1838) 225
Montmartin, Count Friedrich Samuel (†1778) 44
Monumenta Germaniae Historica 241
Morsey, family 151
Moser, Friedrich Carl von (1723–98) 12 , 75
Moustier-sur-Sambre, collegiate foundation for women in Namur at 89
Münchhausen, family 54–5
Münchhausen, Baron Gerlach Adolph (1688–1770) 54, 55
Münsterbilsen, collegiate foundation for women near Maastricht 14, 77, 79, 88, 94, 155
Napoleon I, emperor of the French (formerly Consul of the French Republic), né Bonaparte (1769–1821) 72, 73, 79, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 104, 120, 138, 143, 145, 147, 170, 177, 183, 184, 189, 199, 200, 202, 225, 231, 232, 241, 243, 251
Napoleon III, emperor of the French (1808–73) 104
Nassau, Estates of 232
Nassau-Saarbrücken, house of 86
Nassau-Siegen, house of 86
Nassau-Usingen, house of 115
nationalism, cultural 12–13, 14, 15, 60–71, 74–7, 78, 123–5, 190, 210–11, 220–6;
in France 78, 218, 249–51, 252
Neckar-Schwarzwald, knightly canton in Swabia 7, 21, 22, 29, 36, 44, 82, 85, 154
Nesselrode-Ehreshoven, family 94, 96, 153;
see Warsberg
Nesselrode-Ehreshoven, Count Carl Franz (1713–98) 31
Nesselrode-Reichenstein, Count Franz (1755–1826) 94
Neuhaus, Theodor (1828 Ritter von) (†1855) 70
Nivelles, collegiate foundation for women in Brabant at 1, 77, 80, 88, 89, 96, 115, 154, 155
nobility, concept of 10, 14–15, 48–71, 83, 116, 123–5, 130–2, 139–40, 206–7, 211, 222–3, 226–40, 250, 251;
high (reichsständischer Adel) 4, 5, 6–7, 19, 28, 30, 33, 78, 81, 83, 86, 96, 118, 147, 175;
and cultural nationalism 60–71, 74–7, 123–5, 190, 210–11, 215, 220–6, 240–5, 250–4;
pedigreed (stiftsmäßiger Adel) 50–3, 56, 57, 60, 66, 69–70, 71, 77, 115, 125, 130, 131–2, 135, 138, 140, 154, 163, 194, 206–7, 210, 235–9;
see Free Imperial Knights; see Uradel
Nostitz-Rieneck, family 156, 158
Odenwald, knightly canton in Franconia 5, 7, 18, 24, 36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 91, 152, 154, 217
O’Hegerty, family 151
Olmütz, cathedral chapter at 1, 70, 208, 239
Ortenau, knightly district affiliated with Canton Neckar-Schwarzwald 7, 81, 82, 255
Ostein, house of 40, 44, 87, 118, 153, 161, 192;
see Hatzfeldt-Gleichen, see Dalberg-Heßloch
Ostein, Countess Anna Charlotte Maria, née Countess Schönborn (1671–1746) 153
Ostein, Count Johann Friedrich Carl Maximilian Amor Maria (1735–1809) 181, 182
Ostein, Baron (1712 Count) Johann Franz Sebastian (1652–1718) 153
Ostein, Count Johann Friedrich Carl, see Johann Friedrich Carl elector of Mainz
Otmarsheim, collegiate foundation for women at 1
Ow, Baron Joseph (1814–61) 152
Palm, Prince Carl Joseph 42
Passau, cathedral chapter at 1, 154
pedigreed nobility, see nobility
Pergen, Count Joseph (1766–1830) 141, 142
Pergen, Countess Philippina, née Baroness Groschlag (1739–1824) 157
Petazzi, see Bibra-Schwebheim
Petrowitz-Armis, Theodor (1810 Ritter, 1819 Count) (1777–1861) 236
Pfeffel, Gottlieb Conrad (1736–1809) 91
Pietism 221
Podstatzky-Lichtenstein, family 154
Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette marquise de, née Poisson le Normant d’Étioles (1721–64) 193
Pont-à-Mousson, educational academy in Lorraine at 91
Pozzo di Borgo, Joseph 236
Prague, Theresian collegiate foundation for women at 1, 70, 89, 207
Preßburg, Treaty of (1805) 155, 239
Pretlack, Baron Ludwig (†1781) 44
Proust, Marcel (1871–1922) 48–9
Prussia, provincial Estates in 229–30, 243, 245
Pütter, Johann Stephan (1725–1807) 222
Racine, Jean (1639–99) 218
Rakóczi, Prince Francis II (1676–1735) 153
Rastatt, congress of (1797–99) 144 , 180, 217, 255
Redemptorists, religious order 208–9, 210
Redwitz, family 86
Regensburg, Imperial Diet (Reichstag) at 4, 81, 118, 154, 170, 225, 249
Régiment Nassau 84, 219
Régiment Royal-Allemand 85, 87, 92–3
Régiment Royal-Alsace 86
Régiment Royal-Deux-Ponts 84
Rehberg, August Wilhelm (1757–1836) 66
Reichsgrafenkollegien, see Lower Rhenish-Westphalien College of Imperial Counts; Swabian College of Imperial Counts; Franconian College of Imperial Counts
Reinach, family 82, 84, 88, 93, 97, 99, 105
Reinach, Baron Konrad Sigismund Erasmus (1708–63) 88
Rémiremont, collegiate foundation for women in Lorraine at 14, 77, 81, 88, 89, 93, 169
Renesse-Breidbach, family 121, 191
Reuschenberg-Setterich, Baron Edmund Franz Christoph (†1745) 191
Rhenish Circle, Free Imperial Knights 7, 9, 20, 21, 22–3, 29, 30, 34, 36, 42, 47, 74, 81, 108, 109, 144, 148, 151, 156, 163, 255
Rhineland, see Rhenish Circle
Rhön-Werra, knightly canton in Franconia 7, 25, 30, 36, 41, 136
Richard, elector of Mainz, né von Greiffenclau (1467–1531) 126
Riedt, family 111, 113
Ritter, Baron Carl Adolf (1728–92) 45
Rohan, family 146, 159
Rotenhan, Baroness Auguste Henriette 25
Rotenhan, Baron Johann Friedrich (†1776) 41, 42
Roth von Schreckenstein, see Schreckenstein
Rousseau, Jean Jacques (1712–78) 92
Rüdt-Bödigheim, family 91
Rüdt-Bödigheim, Baron Carl Ernst (1727–79) 91
Rüdt-Collenberg-Bödigheim, Baron Meinhard (1720–89) 18 , 24
Rüdt-Collenberg-Eberstadt, Baron Gottfried (1747–1822) 129
Runde, Friedrich Justus 59
Salm-Salm, house of 86
Salm-Reifferscheidt, house of 86, 121
Salver, Johann Octavian (1732–88) 50 , 53, 55
Salzburg, cathedral chapter at 146, 154, 238
Sándor, family 162
Savigny, Friedrich Carl von (1779–1861) 63, 64
Savoyard foundations, see Vienna
Sayn-Wittgenstein, house of 86
Scharnhorst, Gerhard Johann David von (1755–1813) 243
Scheidt, Christian Ludwig (1709–61) 55
Schenk-Castel, family 37, 44, 46, 142, 155, 159
Schenk-Castel, Count Joseph Ferdinand (1733–64) 23 , 27, 38
Schenk von Schmidburg, see Schmidburg
Schenkern, family 26
Schenkern, Baron Lothar Carl Waldenburg- (1674–1752) 23
Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von (1759–1805) 16
Schlabrendorf, family, see Sickingen-Hohenburg
Schlözer, August Ludwig (1735–1809) 222, 223
Schmidburg, family 99, 158
Schmidburg, Baron Franz (1719–62) 27
Schmidburg, Baroness Marie Therese, née Baroness Eltz (1725–1803) 84
Schmidt, Friedrich Georg August (b. 1766) 57
Schönborn, house of 33, 34, 35, 40, 42, 87, 89, 91, 99, 117, 118, 142, 148, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 161, 168, 170, 183, 192, 211;
see Ostein
Schönborn (Bohemian line), house of 157, 159, 161
Schönborn, Count Joseph Franz (1708–72) 26 , 27, 40, 45
Schönborn, Baron Lothar Franz, see Lothar Franz elector of Mainz
Schönborn-Buchheim, house of 160, 161
Schönborn-Buchheim, Count Erwein (1791–1864) 141
Schönborn-Buchheim, Count Franz (1768–1841) 141
Schönborn-Heussenstamm, house of 153, 156, 157
Schönborn-Heussenstamm, Count Anselm Franz (1681–1726) 156
Schönborn-Heussenstamm, Count Franz Erwein (1727–1801) 157
Schönborn-Heussenstamm, Countess Maria Theresia, née Countess Colloredo (1744–1828) 157
Schönbrunn, Treaty of (1809) 159
Schönfeld, Ignaz von (b. 1780) 70
Schreckenstein, Baron Karl Heinrich Roth von (1823–94) 5, 8
Schütz, Baron Friedrich (1772–1816) 99
Schwarzenberg, house of 149, 154, 155, 172
Seckendorff, family 86, 188
Seuffert, Johann Michael (1764–1829) 59
Seutter, Matthäus (1678–1757) 77
Sickingen, family 39, 74, 90, 102, 151, 153, 179, 180, 211
Sickingen, Franz von (1481–1523) 65
Sickengen-Ebernburg, Baron Ferdinand Damian Heinrich (1701–49) 25
Sickingen-Hohenburg, family 37, 39, 84, 142, 143, 155, 161, 168, 174–9, 182, 184, 188, 189
Sickingen-Hohenburg, Baron Casimir Anton (1684–1750) 91
Sickingen-Hohenburg, Countess Euphémie, née Countess Hunyady (1799–1820) 178
Sickingen-Hohenburg, Countess Eveline, née Countess Schlabrendorf (1809–95) 178 , 179
Sickingen-Hohenburg, Baron Ferdinand Sebastian (1715–72) 174
Sickingen-Hohenburg, Count Wilhelm (1777–1855) 97, 176, 177, 178–9, 184, 204
Sickingen-Sickingen, family 30, 31, 33, 37, 39, 118, 142, 174, 175, 177
Sickingen-Sickingen, Baron (1773 Count) Carl (1702–84) 16–17, 23, 45, 90, 174
Sickingen-Sickingen, Count Franz (1760–1834) 175
Sickingen-Sickingen, Baron (1784 Count) Joseph Carl (1708–87) 17
Sickingen-Sickingen, Count Wilhelm (1739–1818) 16, 17, 161, 174–5, 176–7
Sieyès, Emanuel Joseph (1748–1836) 61
Silva-Tarouca, family 149, 156
Somogyi, see Eltz
Sophie, archduchess of Austria, née princess of Bavaria (1805–72) 159 , 209
Spaur, family 154
Specht-Bubenheim, family 39, 43, 44, 46
Specht-Bubenheim, Baroness Ferdinandine, née Baroness Bochholz 161
Specht-Bubenheim, Baron Peter Carl (d. ca. 1805) 97
Speth, family 86, 138, 160, 161
Speth, Baron Ferdinand (b. 1779) 167
Speyer, cathedral chapter at 1, 77, 94, 109, 126, 193
Spiegel, family 184
St. Adelgonde, Count Louis 146
Stadion, house of 33, 36, 40, 85, 89, 92, 118, 142, 147, 148, 153, 157, 160, 161, 169, 171, 179, 180, 182, 183, 184, 187, 188, 192, 195, 196, 197, 211
Stadion, Baron (1705 Count) Johann Philipp (1652–1742) 168, 169
Stadion, Count Lothar Georg Joseph (1706–69) 34
Stadion, Countess Sophia Helena (1708–89) 94
Stadion-Thannhausen, house of 123, 169, 171, 172, 175;
see Kesselstatt; see Stadion-Warthausen
Stadion-Thannhausen, Count Emerich (1766–1817) 85, 93
Stadion-Thannhausen, Count Friedrich (1774–1820) 141
Stadion-Thannhausen, Countess Kunigunde, née Countess Kesselstatt (1794–1872) 141
Stadion-Thannhausen, Count Philipp Franz (1780–1839) 141 , 171
Stadion-Thannhausen, Countess Sophie, née Baroness Wambolt (1757–1843) 141
Stadion-Warthausen, house of 143, 168–74, 175, 189, 245;
see Lanckorońska
Stadion-Warthausen, Count Eduard (1797–1844) 171, 172, 173, 174
Stadion-Warthausen, Count Franz (1806–53) 171 , 172, 174
Stadion-Warthausen, Count Friedrich (1691–1768) 92, 172, 173
Stadion-Warthausen, Count Friedrich Lothar (1761–1811) 146, 170, 173
Stadion-Warthausen, Countess Maria Anna, née Countess Stadion-Thannhausen (1775–1841) 169
Stadion-Warthausen, Count Philipp (1763–1824) 141 , 142, 143, 146, 147, 151, 169–70, 171, 172, 173, 238;
and Austrian policy toward émigrés 145–7
Stadion-Warthausen, Count Walter (1799–1870) 172, 239
Stahl, Friedrich Julius (1802–61) 63 , 65, 66, 67
Stanislaus, king of Poland (later duke of Lorraine), né Leszczyński (1677–1766) 49, 83
Star-Cross, order of the (Sternkreuzorden) 157, 163, 192, 206
Stauffenberg, family 21
Steffans, Heinrich 66
Steigerwald, knightly canton in Franconia 7, 20, 36, 42, 86, 168
Stein, family 74, 188, 193, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 234
Stein, Baron Carl (1757–1831) 66, 75, 76, 103, 114, 124, 148, 173, 188, 193, 213–16, 225, 226, 231, 232, 233, 235, 245, 247, 248, 250;
background of 216–20;
and concept of nobility 68, 123, 124, 125, 215, 220, 222–3, 226–30, 234, 245–6;
and (cultural) nationalism 12, 15, 140, 215, 220–6, 240–3, 245, 248, 252–3;
early intellectual influences on 220–6;
and exile in Austria 147;
and Prince Clemens Metternich-Winneburg 214, 232, 234
Stein, Baron Carl Philipp (1708–88) 216
Stein, Baron Gottfried (1762–1837) 219
Stein, Baroness Henriette Caroline, née Baroness Langwerth (1721–83) 223
Stein, Baron Johann Friedrich (1749–99) 221
Stein, Baroness Marianne (1753–1831) 218
Sternberg, family 157
Stockau, Count Georg (1806–65) 123
Strasbourg, cathedral chapter at 1, 86, 154;
knightly directorate at 82
Stubenberg, family 154
Sturmfeder, family 161, 183, 184
Sturmfeder, Baron Carl (1795–1867) 184
supranationalism 13, 14, 150, 190, 212, 253–4
Swabian Circle, Free Imperial Knights 5, 7, 9, 21, 22, 29, 33, 45, 46, 81, 86, 96, 151, 156, 255
Swabian College of Imperial Counts (Schwäbisches Reichsgrafenkollegium) 118, 154, 169, 175
Széchényi, Count Franz (1754–1820) 208
Taaffe, Count Ludwig Patrick (1791–1855) 244–5
Tabor, Johann Heinrich (b. 1729) 18–19, 127
Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice duc de (1754–1838) 104
Tarouca, see Silva-Tarouca
Tascher de la Pagerie, family, see Joséphine, empress of the French
Tascher de la Pagerie, Countess Amalie, née Princess von der Leyen (1789–1870) 104
Tascher de la Pagerie, Count Louis (1787–1861) 104
Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden) 25, 43, 70, 81, 87–8, 95, 135, 141, 152, 154, 155, 159, 167, 168, 191, 194, 206, 207, 218, 220, 221, 239, 247;
see Austria; see Alsace-Burgundy; see Alten Biesen; see Franconia; see Koblenz; see Lorraine; see Wesphalia
Thomasius, Christian (1655–1728) 54
Thürheim, Countess Lulu (1788–1864) 154
Thun, family 156;
see Westphalen
Thyra, princess of Hannover, duchess of Cumberland, née princess of Denmark (1853–1933) 150
Treuer, Gottlieb Samuel (1683–1743) 54–5
Trient, cathedral chapter at 154
Trier, cathedral chapter at 109, 115, 117, 126, 136
Ulm, family 155
Upper Rhine (Oberrhein), knightly canton 7, 9, 17, 19, 22, 24, 25, 30–1, 38, 39, 43, 47, 79, 96, 101, 118, 127, 144, 154, 162, 174, 180, 181, 216, 226, 255
Uradel 10, 15, 50, 57, 58, 59, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 71, 131, 220, 224, 248, 251, 252, 254
Vasa, house of (Sweden) 150, 160
Venningen, family 46, 148, 166
Venningen-Echtersheim, Baron Friedrich (b. 1794) 167
Vienna, cathedral chapter at 208;
congress of (1814–15) 3, 121, 159, 171, 183, 209, 238;
Savoyard collegiate foundation for women at 70, 123, 207;
Savoyard academy for noble youth at 119;
Theresian academy for noble youth at 114
Vittinghoff, family 184;
see Coudenhove
Voltaire, François Marie Arouet de (1694–1778) 83
Waldbott von Bassenheim, see Bassenheim
Waldenburg-Schenkern, see Schenkern
Walderdorff, family 34, 46, 87, 97, 98, 100, 116, 118–24, 139, 142, 161, 165, 166
Walderdorff, Count Eduard (1801–73) 167
Waldstein (Wallenstein), Albrecht von (1583–1634) 168
Waldstein-Dux, Count Ferdinand (1762–1823) 155
Wallis, family 158
Wambolt, family 39, 85, 99, 139, 200;
see Coudenhove; see Stadion-Thannhausen
Wambolt, Baron Franz (1761–1832) 209, 211
War of the First Coalition (1792–7) 93, 144, 180
War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) 153
Warsberg, family 39, 99, 121, 163–4, 172
Warsberg, Baron Alexander (1767–1814) 98, 99
Warsberg, Baroness Anna Sophie Helena (†1772) 33
Warsberg, Baron Anselm Carl (1735–97) 23 , 31–3, 45, 84, 86, 94
Warsberg, Baroness Elisabeth, née Baroness Wittenbach (1809–78) 164
Warsberg, Baron Emmerich (b. ca. 1762) 24
Warsberg, Baron Franz Ernst (†1760) 43
Warsberg, Baron Joseph (1810–88) 164
Warsberg, Baroness Ludovica, née Countess Nesselrode-Ehreshoven (†1793) 32
Welcker, Carl (1790–1869) 61, 64, 66
Wessenberg, family 155
Wessenberg-Ampringen, Baron Johann (1773–1858) 146 , 151, 155
Westphalen, Countess Elisabeth, née Countess Thun-Hohenstein (1783–1860) 158
Westphalen, Count Friedrich (1780–1809) 146 , 158
Westphalia, bailiwick of the Teutonic Order 94, 155;
Estates of 225;
peace of (1648) 82
Wied, house of 86
William II, German emperor and king of Prussia (1859–1941) 215
Wimpfen on the Neckar, collegiate foundation for men at 89
Windisch-Grätz, house of 6
Wittenbach, see Warsberg
Wolfskehl, family 38
Wolfskehl, Baron Johann Gottfried Ernst (†1769) 38
Worms, cathedral chapter at 89, 109, 126, 193
Wratislaw, Count Eugen (1786–1867) 207
Wrbna und Freudenthal, family 158
Wrbna und Freudenthal, Countess Flora, née Countess Kageneck (1779–1857) 158, 160, 161
Wrbna und Freudenthal, Count Rudolph (1761–1823) 69, 163, 236–7
Würzburg, cathedral chapter at 77, 109, 126, 156;
collegiate foundation for women at 94;
collegiate foundation of St. Burkard for men at 1
Zandt, family 41, 84
Zichy(-Ferraris), family 162;
see Metternich-Winneburg
Zichy, Countess Julie, née Countess Festetics (1790–1816) 208
Zichy-Ferraris, Countess Maria Wilhelmina (Molly), née Countess Ferraris (1780–1866) 246
Zobel, family 160, 161, 166
Zobel-Giebelstadt-Darstadt, family 39
Zobel-Giebelstadt-Darstadt, Baron Friedrich (1766–1845) 152
Zobel-Giebelstadt-Darstadt, Baron Friedrich Carl (1732–87) 26
Zu Rhein, family 82
Zweibrücken, house of 86
Zweyer, Baron Leopold (1747–1822) 87


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